Article Side

Online Article Directory!

Hello Guest! Login or Register to submit articles!

Dump Trucks - an Illustrious History

By Truck Hammer Subscribe to RSS | January 17th 2012 | Views:

In today’s world, dump trucks are trucks that have a special dump bed attached to the chassis and it is used to haul materials such as dirt, sand, rocks, gravel or other material for various industries from farming to construction. There are single axle dump trucks, tandems, tri-axle dump trucks, Quad –Axle, Quints and off road dump trucks; anywhere there is something to be hauled, you can bet there is a specific dump truck for the task. There are also dump trailers which hook up to the 5th wheel on a tractor and are operated by a hydraulic pack more commonly known as a wetline kit.

First Dump Trucks

Before gasoline or diesel engines powered dump trucks, there were dumping carts of a sort pulled by horses. These horse drawn dump trucks were a tub like body with an opening rear gate on a hinges that worked by the force of gravity. When the front was locked down, it stayed in place and carried the material to the work site. When it was released, it dropped down and dumped it out. These were very useful in their time and were used quite a bit by the railroad companies to haul materials. By 1900, the dump truck carts had graduated into a larger flatbed cart that required four horses to pull it. It was worked with a special hand hoist in the front. Besides these horse drawn dump trailers, trains and trolleys also were used to carry and dump loads.

First Real Dump Trucks

A few years later in 1904, the dump truck as we know it started to appear. It was still based on gravity to dump the materials, but it was a dump bed mounted on a truck body. The Mann Company from England was responsible for the first gravity dump truck in 1904. As improvements were made, hydraulics started to replace gravity as a force to activate the dump. The gravity system created not only a problem with weight distribution, the majority of the load had to be past the wheels in order for it to dump. Also if the lock in the front broke or came loose you would lose your load. One of the first dump trucks made using this was created by Robertson Steam Wagon and had a hoist run by hydraulics and a steam engine for the truck. Another hydraulic run dump truck was made in 1907 by Alley & McLellan of Glasgow that was also powered by a steam engine.

Industries That Benefited by the Use of Dump Trucks

By the 1920s, dump trucks that were able to work faster and more efficiently came out and were used to haul coal. Thus, the coal industry benefitted, just as the railroad industry did years before when they had primitive dumping carts. The coal industry used a special kind of dump truck that was similar to a hopper railroad car. This type of dumping mechanism had a body raised up with struts and beams that were arranged scissor-like underneath its body. When they wanted to dump out the contents, they pulled the beams closer together to bring up the dump bed, which let the load free and gravity did the rest.

Pioneers in Dump Truck History

One of the companies considered to be a pioneer in making the dump truck is Euclid. A hydraulics engineer named George Armington Jr. is credited with bringing into being the version of today’s heavyweight, off road truck and the wheel tractor style dump truck. The first of these came out in 1934 and was called a Trak Truk and was an off road dump truck. The other followed in 1936 and was an IFD truck that weighed a staggering 15 tons. This beauty of a dump truck ran on a diesel engine, and had modern features like leaf spring suspension, pneumatic tires, and modern drive lines.

The bottom dump truck was considered a huge jump forward and Euclid‘s version could haul its load much further than other trucks had in the past. The next couple of decades brought even heavier and larger dump trucks into the industry. US made dump trucks were starting to lead the pack by the 1950s with their bottom dump trucks. The 50s brought several types of dump trucks including one that could hold 20 tons and was made by Faun, in 1958 a dump truck called the AP40 Autocar that was considered the biggest single engine dump truck of the time at 600 horsepower. In 1957, a huge improvement called the Haulpak was made by Ralph Kress, a consultant for Komatsu, which had hydro-pneumatic struts, and could haul 32 tons and also pull a trailer that weighed 75 tons. This eventually was to develop into the dump truck style of choice for mining and other industries.

Other Dump Truck Manufacturers

Many other companies made and continue to make all kinds of dump trucks. Some of these include Freightliner Trucks, which started in 1929 by Leland James. It was originally called Consolidated Freight Lines. James was an innovator of his times and was always trying to find ways to customize and make his trucks better. Freightliner Trucks built trucks that carried cargo and he wanted to make lighter, yet stronger trucks that could carry more and go further. By the 1950s, the company made about 100 different kinds of custom trucks. During this timeframe Freightliner Trucks partnered with White Motor Co. of Cleveland in1951. By 1960, they were responsible for selling 1,000 trucks from their new lines. In the 1970s Freightliner was a well-known truck making company that was famous for their successes in the business. During that timeframe, they ended their partnership with White Motor Co.

Freightliner continued its success by acquiring several other trucking companies throughout the next 20 or 30 years, including American LaFrance, Thomas Built Buses, Western Star trucks, and Ford Motor’s heavy trucks. Today, they are known as Daimler Trucks North America and in 2007, the company had sales over two billion dollars.

Kenworth Trucks

Another truck manufacturer is Kenworth, which makes several kinds of trucks, including dump trucks, which started in 1923. They designed custom trucks in the 1920s and 30s and were the first truck company in the U.S. to use diesel engines. Over the next several decades they made several advances in the trucking industry and helped bring about improvements such as better fuel mileage, more cargo space, and less wind resistance. They have continued to bring about other improvements during the 1990s with dump trucks such as the Kenworth T800 T/A dump truck. Today, they specialize in selling trucks worldwide. International Trucks International, is another truck manufacturer that makes dump trucks, straight trucks, road tractors, school buses and specialized military vehicles. They also make diesel engines. Today, Navistar, Internationals parent company, has more than 1,000 dealerships all over the world. All in all, dump trucks have helped the trucking and other industries develop and become more efficient. Even in today’s modern computerized world, dump trucks are doing site work and hauling loads to and from construction sites all over the world.

Truck Hammer - About Author:
If you are interested in finding a quality used Dump Truck for your business check out the Hammer Truck Sales inventory here: Dump Trucks.
To find any other type of work truck, visit Hammer Truck Sales website to view the current work truck listings, Work Trucks.

Share on Facebook Tweet It Stumbleupon this post This post is delicious !

Article Source:

Related Advertising Articles Subscribe to RSS

Can I be fired or laid off while receiving work comp benefits?
Published by Glenn Farrier on July 18th 2012 | Business
Nevada is a “Fire at Will” State. So, does that mean an employer can fire me based on the fact t...
Are you looking for a Commercial Cleaning Company to work in your premises
Published by James Blee on June 19th 2012 | Business
Our range of commercial cleaning company options is extensive and includes high level cleaning, conf...
Copyright: Defends original writing work
Published by Copyrightuk on December 9th 2011 | Business
Copyright is a kind of security established in the U.S. Constitution & approved by law for original ...
The security ip camera ,net work camera and so on——how it work
Published by Guardlyer on March 17th 2012 | Business
Detailed angel agency added pixels, which in about-face agency added data. But buck in apperceptio...
Forklift trucks and their use
Published by Glyn Spyke Jones on April 23rd 2012 | Business
The forklift trucks have revolutionized the warehouse and industrial load carrying job. These have c...
Change the look of your work zone with a funky Office Fit out Essex
Published by Mary Porter on July 18th 2012 | Business
Work through the design for the new Office Fit out Essex with professional interior fit out contract...
Outsource stock management and order fulfillment to make your work easier
Published by Diego Hall on December 15th 2011 | Business
A business has many parts and taking car of each part single handedly is impossible, hence outsource...
Some Study Guides for 70-680 - IT Pro Community to work on certifications
Published by Water123 on December 25th 2011 | Business
With increasing importance of information technology in nearly all industries and organizations, a C...
Let your work stick
Published by Raymond H. Barr on July 17th 2012 | Advertising
We all grew up, using bumper stickers. Sticker stickers are one method to print your thoughts challe...
Machinery machine tools - allocation of heavy and light works in work fields
Published by AngeloEverton on December 14th 2011 | Business
The machine tools are generally more effective by strength as compared to human muscles. This can b...
How to find utility trucks for sale
Published by James Blee on December 20th 2011 | Business
Newspapers are no longer the right advertisement materials to find utility trucks for sale and hence...
PCB Prototypes- How they work
Published by Julia Roger on January 31st 2012 | Business
PCB is the abbreviation of the Printed Circuit Board. It refers to the template board that “mechan...
How the building companies work at the alteration and additions of a home?
Published by Mark Andysmith on December 8th 2011 | Business
Alteration and additions are the two most common things, preferred in any house when the inmates thi...
Freelancer Jobs – a popular work trend for the coming generations.
Published by Mike Tyson on July 21st 2012 | Business
Online home jobs help you to stay connected to your personal lives as well as get you a steady flow ...
Phone Systems that work overtime
Published by John Kumar on December 17th 2011 | Business
The phone is so commonly used now that sometimes one feels that a mobile phone is more like an appen...
Industrial Engine to automate your work
Published by Matt Jwell on December 20th 2011 | Business
It does not matter what types of equipments you build, there is an industrial engine to fit your all...
Our combination ladders are a simple solution to your work at height problems.
Published by Angie Turner on June 19th 2012 | Business
Sterk Systems is a family run business based in Amersham, Buckinghamshire, successfully supplying hi...
Fulfillment houses – making your work easier
Published by Diego Hall on December 2nd 2011 | Business
Fulfillment houses make conducting your business easier by taking over the process of order receivin...
3 in 1 deals work the best when it comes to Home based businesses and freelancing!
Published by Samantha Kirk on February 27th 2012 | Business
Internet+television+phone are an irresistible combination. Who would not want the best connection fo...
How HVAC systems have changed the work environment
Published by Tobby Heldson on January 10th 2012 | Business
Over the years the work environment has slowly and steadily changed. HVAC or Heating, Ventilation an...