Article Side

Online Article Directory!

Hello Guest! Login or Register to submit articles!

Old San Juan Forts in Puerto Rico – Gigantic Protective Structures

By Azel Bailey Subscribe to RSS | July 17th 2012 | Views:

San Juan is popular for many things but its forts are the reason why it attracts tourists in droves every year. Of all the forts here, the Castillo San Felipe del Morro also known as El Morro Fort is the most popular. The Castillo San Cristobal or San Cristobal Fort is equally famous and is the largest structure build by the Spanish in the western hemisphere.

The forts served as a line of defense in protecting the San Juan Island from invaders. They played an important role in the history of San Juan and Puerto Rico as critical protective forces. San Juan was attacked as many as five times in its history. As the Gateway to the Indies, the island was susceptible to enemy attacks as the high ocean currents and strong winds helped European ship sail effortlessly into the San Juan harbor. The wealth of the Caribbean Islands was another reason why enemies tried to capture the place frequently.

The frequent attempts to attack the harbor forced King Charles III from Spain to order San Juan to build a ‘Defense of the First Order’. A gigantic city wall, smaller forts and major fortifications such as the El Morro and San Cristobal were built to protect the place. San Juan is called ‘The Walled City’ because a major part of the old city is surrounded by gargantuan walls that are 18 to 25 feet thick and 3.4 miles long. It was constructed between 1634 and 1638 but the wall was thickened and raised to its present height in 1759.

The Fuerte San Juan del la Cruz is the smallest fort as known as Fortin or smallest fort. Its strategic location helped Spaniards defend the San Juan harbor entrance. The fort also protected the mouth of Bayamon River connecting San Juan to other island settlements.

The El Morro is the second largest fortification and located on the northwestern tip of the San Juan islet. It is the first structure visible from any ship entering San Juan Bay. Construction of this fort began in 1539 but it took approximately 250 years for the fort to get its present form.

The San Cristobal Fort is located along the north coast and about a mile east from El Morro. It covers 27 acres of land and is the largest fort built by the Spanish. Construction began in 1634 and it slowly became one massive structures of the country. A part of the fort and the gate was pulled down in 1897 to help the city expand to the east.

Azel Bailey - About Author:
Welcome to SeePuertoRico, If you want to enjoy El Morro Puerto Rico? Just check out the various See Puerto Rico vacations, Hotels and flights packages on our website and exploring Puerto Rico. And travel Puerto Rico to enjoy most memorable vacations of your life.

Share on Facebook Tweet It Stumbleupon this post This post is delicious !

Article Source:

Related Travel Articles Subscribe to RSS

Make your wedding unforgettable by hiring a stylish Limo
Published by Jenny Lumet on August 26th 2012 | Travel
Limo London services for your any occasion. We have very attractive limousines with the best package...
Enjoy your party in an amazing way with a reliable Limo hire in London service provider
Published by Jenny Lumet on August 26th 2012 | Travel
Limo hire in London services for your any occasion. We have very attractive limousines with the best...
Chapels in Siena
Published by Corbet Ballusci on August 26th 2012 | Travel
Siena is a home to several churches and there is ample room to enjoy and exotic holiday experience h...
Towards Mount Everest for Trekking in Nepal
Published by Msinghraity on August 25th 2012 | Travel
The journey to Everest Base camp is indeed a package of adventures. One can have the great experienc...
Kerala Houseboats Tour: an Amazing Experience!
Published by Daniel John on August 25th 2012 | Travel
South India and its cultures is enriched with unique colours. Each and every experience of these cul...
Accessing Hotel Facilities in Chicago
Published by Edolf J Clark on August 24th 2012 | Travel
The United States is one of the most endowed nations in the world when it comes to hotel and accommo...