An Overview of Structural Insulated Panel (SIP) Technology
Structural insulated panels (SIPs) have become a widely-used alternative construction material for homes and office buildings. These are panels made of a thick layer of polystyrene or polyurethane foam sandwiched by two layers of plywood, fiber cement, or oriented strand board (OSB). The result is an engineered panel that provides structural framing, exterior sheathing, and insulation in a solid, one-piece component.
The basic design concept of SIPs is elegant in its simplicity and offers several advantages for wall and roof construction. Bonding the foam core to the rigid outer skins creates a structural strength similar to an I-beam across the length and breadth of the panel. These SIPs have the power to withstand bending, racking, and axial and shear loads. When properly designed and constructed, SIPs have the capacity to handle high wind and seismic forces.
Insulation is the main benefit that SIPs provide. It is generally agreed in the construction industry that SIPs provide better overall air tightness and practical thermal performance compared with conventionally-framed walls. They offer a uniform, dense, and continuous air barrier with very few thermal bridges and no opportunity for internal heat transfer.
Several benefits have made SIPs very popular in the field of construction. The ease and speed of installation alone makes it possible to finish wall and roof jobs within days rather than weeks. While basic carpentry skills are required, installers do not need the skill of conventional framing crews. This further reduces the cost of installation.
Installation relies on careful design and planning prior to delivery and site assembly. Several companies offer pre-designed house packages with roof and wall insulated panels to help you save on costs. Some companies even use computer-controlled equipment that transfers panel cutting instruction directly from digital computer-aided design drawings.
Structural insulated panels help conserve dwindling timber resources because making them requires significantly less lumber. Additionally, the lumber used for manufacturing OSB comes from fast-growing trees that can be harvested and replanted in a few years. Energy usage is also reduced because of the efficiency of its insulation, translating into the conservation of energy resources. Regarding the foam core, SIP manufacturers state that the foam materials used for each panel’s interior are environment-friendly.
SIP Product Varieties
Some manufacturers now offer special variation for their SIPs panels, including high-end panels made with an injected polyurethane core. There are also modern SIP accessories like vertical joint connectors featuring locks that draw panels closely together to ensure proper alignment. Manufacturers can also build SIPs for curved walls and other customized architectural features. Learn more about SIPs at fireengineering.com/articles/2010/12/havel-sips.html.
Published by Kate Morgan on August 26th 2012 | Home
Published by Oleg Vasyliychuk on August 26th 2012 | Home
Published by Andy Brisebois on August 26th 2012 | Home
Published by Mehrdad Hadjikhan on August 25th 2012 | Home
Published by Donna Livingston on August 24th 2012 | Home
Published by Johndy Sons on August 24th 2012 | Home