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Top Soil is the measure of soil quality

By RealTreeinc Subscribe to RSS | May 23rd 2012 | Views:
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The topmost layer of the soil is the best measure of its quality. Top soil is composed of the vital components like organic matter and small micro organisms, the most important factor in soil fertility. It is a nutrient rich layer from where plants obtain their nutrition because their roots are concentrated in this zone only. The deeper layers are composed of other important constituents. Generally upper 10-15cms of the upper surface are considered in this region. The next region is called overburden.

To start any project at a particular locality the knowledge about the topography is a must. Soil quality is an important factor in determining the feasibility of work on any part of land. Soil is prepared to reap maximum benefits out of it. Preparation involves clearing, tripping, return and ripping.

One more thing related to it is soil erosion, i.e. the removal of the upper part either by water, wind or any other factor. This damages the quality because it takes away the most important parts out of the soil. Huge loss to agriculture happens every year due to natural + man made factors that cause land-erosion. Conventional agriculture practices like plowing keep a check on it.

People make use of this upper region of earth to improve the quality of their garden because it supplements huge amount of nutrients and supports best growth to the plants. So surface mining is done at commercial level to improve beauty of your lawns.

During mining process, it is made sure that the upper layer and the layer beneath the ground are removed separately. Generally this is done during rehabilitation when soil is supplied to any area where something fertility is low. Only top layer is supplied and the overburden is returned to the place where mining as done.

Mining is carried when ground is dry. The dieback process involves using the land` form an area where mining is to be done to a place which has already been mined. So as to ensure that the amount of forest region cleared remains under check. In the process the upper and lower components are stored and transported separately. This ensures maximum amount of nutrients are retained in and fertility is maintained in the region.

Maximum plant species grow in these fertile top layer of soil so these have become a first choice for rehabilitation process + have found commercial application in gardening as well.

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